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Thailand current political rift has been around in the society for more than 4 years now. The situation is instead of getting better but getting worse as the time goes by some people even say that Thailand is too separated or too divided beyond any peaceful resolution. However, the crisis occurred in the 10th of April 2010 is a grimes of hope or a sign, although not that clear, that Thailand could still find peaceful exit from this chaos.

History of Thailand’s politic has told that once a bullet has fired out of soldier’s arm, the violence will spread beyond control and lead to bloodshed in the end. Notwithstanding, the violence in the 10th of April has not spread as the two sides both willing to take a step back from each other which show that at the end of the day, we still realize that.

In my opinion, there are 2 critical issues of which both sides are using to blame each other. Firstly is the violence on the 10th of April itself. The anti-government protestors excuse the government of using violence on attacking protestors to dissolve the protest. On the other hand, the government says that there was a group of “terrorist” who has waiting for their chance to create misunderstands among people.
The second crucial matter of conflict is the confrontation between both sides. The anti-government protestors are afraid to be dissolve by the military thus they have built their own fortress to defend themselves which is obviously against the law. The military, who has been given power to control the situation, has right to enforce the rules of law. But they cannot afford for any violence’s trigger like those during Apr 10th anymore as there are people waiting for their chance to create chaos.

Hence, if we can find peaceful and to these two crucial conflicts, we could finally come to a peaceful end of this linger than it should unrest. In my opinion, for the first conflict which is the violence during Apr 10th, we already have an authority which could provide moderator role to the society. Such authority is a jurisdiction. If the two sides can both present their arguments as well as evidence to the court and let the jurisdiction arm to do it task in the check and balance system. This can bring a concession end to this conflict.
Another conflict is the confrontation between the military and the protestors. I suggest that the government has to extract ‘terrorists’ or people who have hidden agenda from innocent people who came to protest for their true difficulties. These difficulties have to be addressed seriously by the government regardless of them being a non-favor voters for the government.Whereas, the terrorists as claim by the authority has to be taken seriously by the rules of law.

If every people in the society willing to consideration these peaceful resolution by true sincere to the country, I presume that this crisis is nothing but a step to make our country stronger.

Soap opera

Television is a resource open to virtually everyvody in modern industrialized societies and an increasing one in the ‘developing’ world. It is a source of popular knowledge about the world and increasingly brings us into contact, albeit in a mediated way, with ways of life other that our own. Hence, television remains the most widely accessible mass media. This blog, I want to talk about soap opera as popular television.
Soap opera as a long-runnig serial, has a potentially unlimited time periond in which to tell its stories. Most soaps establish a sense of geographical space that the audience can identify with and to which the characters return again and again.Corrie Soap opera utilizes the conventions of both realism and melodrama. Realism refers to a set of conventions by which drama appears to be a representation of the ‘real world’ with motivated characters, recognizable, locations and believable social problems. The narrative techniques deliberately hide and obscure their own status as constructs, denying their artificiality in order to present themselves as ‘real’. In contras, melodrama is constituted through a heightened sense of the dramatic, with a focus on emotions and ‘ life’s torments’. Here characters have insufficient motivation from a ‘realist’ point of lingering close-up shots, the story-lines contain a variety of twists and turns that would stretch the credibility of a realist narrative. The pivotal themes of interpersonal relationship is like marriages, divorces, break-ups, new alliances, arguments, acts of revenge and acts of caring lie at the core of soap opera. They provide the narrative dynamic and emotional interest. The imaginary ideal of the family is constatntly shattered by the arguments, affairs and divorces that are so necessary a part of the soap opera.
Feminist writters have suggested that soap opera is a women’s space in which women’s motivations are validated and celebrated. Thus, soap opera is held to be a space in which women’s concerns and points of view are validated and from which women take pleasure. Soap operas deplow a variety of strong and independent-minded women characters. However, while the private sphere may be celebrated, women are frequently confined to it. The financially independent woman in soap is a relatively recent and limited phenomenon. Additionally, the use of glamour and the physical appearance of women to enhance soaps is subject to crticism that the representation of women is for the male gaze. Women may be strong in soaps, but that strength is frequently put at the service of the family and the men within it. As Geraghty expresses concern that the increasing role of male characters and the entrance of the teenager as a key soap concern may bre upsetting the orientationof soaps to women viewers.
Today’s society, there are very seriously conflicts in the society. Thus, Television try to present in a melodrama or comedy way.

Tom Yum Goong

According to the reading about Eating, then I would like to talk about The symbol of Thai food.
If you come to Thailand and search for the Thai restaurant. You always hear Thai people said like “Gin khao reu yang” (“eaten rice yet?”) is the original Thai “Hello’, not the bland World War II invention, “sawatdee”. Like Osakans greeting each other with “Earning money yet?”, it sets the cultural priority. The implication being, whether you’d dined or not, conversation should continue over food. Tellingly, the term for snacking is khong kin len – play eating. Fun food must be available at all times, in all places.

Thailand isn’t only Land of smile but for the traditional food, It is very famous nowadays. Whether chilli-hot or comparatively blands, harmony is the guiding principle behind each dish. Thai food is eaten with a fork and spoon. Even single dish meals such as fried rice with pork, the spoon is used to convey food to the mouth.
A typical meal might include a clear soup (perhaps bitter melons stuffed with minced pork), a steamed dish (mussels in curry sauce), a fried dish (fish with ginger), a hot salad (beef slices on a bed of lettuce, onions, chillies, mint and lemon juice) and a variety of sauces into which food is dipped. This would be followed by sweet desserts and/or fresh fruits such as mangoes, durian, jackfruit, papaya, grapes or melon.

As we all known that Tom yum Goong is the symbolic of Thai traditional food. Then I want to mention about Tom yum Goong that where is came from. “Tom” meant to “To Boil” in Thai word, “Yum” meant to “food which have herb , sour and spicy to be the main taste of the dish” “Goong” meant to “Shrimp” So “Tom Yum Goong” is a Thai dishes which be made as soup with herb smell, spicy and sour are the main taste, and use shrimp to be meat of the dishes. Surely, Tom Yum Goong which be cooked for foreigner will be different from the real Tom Yum Goong in Thai daily eating, which be more spicy and also, the herb smell is so stronger. In fact, when you say “Tom Yum Goong” , it’s meant to “Tom Yum” which use “Goong” [shrimp] to be meat in the dish, but if you say shorter as “Tom Yum” , it will be meant to one kind of Thai soup which no specific kind of meat to use in that dish; so you can add or say ”Pla” [fish], “Mhoo” [pork] or “Talay” [sea food] or else , after the word “Tom Yum” to the waiter in any Thai restaurant and get the same taste of Tom Yum Soup in variety kind of meat as you want in that meal. Nowadays, Tom Yum Goong is the dishes for health as many kind of herb in this Thai dishes be known as the natural medicines. Finally,Tom Yum Goong is a lot kind of Snacks in Thailand today. TOMYUMGOONG2

Third sex

In our group’ project. My group did about Miss Tiffany, so my part is about the view that Thai and foreigner view on Miss Tiffany and Miss Tiffany contest. However, I want to mention about Thai people view on Miss Tiffany.
In my opinion, I think the contest is very entertaining. Every year, there are advancements in makeover surgeries, candidates’ gestures, performances, etc. As the contest is aired, it creates awareness to society. Most people know them through the contest and PR. The contest helps promote Thailand, as our pretty ladyboys are one of the amazing things Thailand offer to the world’s eyes. Our pretty krathoey has won the World’s Tiffany contest for several times. Thai tourism has made a lot of money from the shows by those boys. Tourists enjoy the shows and it is what Thailand is famous for. Though many may thinks that the contest urges confused boys to become krathoey, but I think it gives them more room to express themselves and become accepted in society the way they want to be.

View on Miss Tiffany : Miss Tiffany actually set benchmark for Thai krathoey. I have many friends who are krathoey and they always say that they wanted to be pretty like Miss Tiffany. They would observe how their body looks, how they sound, the way they act or dressed; and my friends would try to imitate them. They look more and more like real women each year, some of them are even prettier than real women. Nowadays, they have more roles in entertainment business; unlike in the past when they usually work as cabaret dancers. They are known as who they not as somebody who they try to mimic when they put on a show. “The image of katoeys in Thai society these days is very sex-oriented. Most people believe that we are aggressive, naughty, bad and promiscuous. Thai family were always against the sex change (transgender) because the parents always thought that they can change they(kathoey) mind back to a boy before they change and they were worried about the operation . But for Miss tiffany “The [sex change] surgery was in fact something that they had been looking forward to It was some sort of therapeutic surgery like an appendicitis surgery. And they were more than happy that they were going to have a body fixed. Anyway some of the Miss tiffany or kathoey are amicable to everyone. They try to smiled back to everyone who smiled at her because they want to be accepted from others. According to Treechada (Miss Tiffany 2004) explained “We must bear in mind that if one of us turns bad, people will think that we are all bad,”..

Thank you : http://www.bangkokpost.com/leisure/leisurescoop/8215/miss-tiffany-queen

Tourtism ^^

From the mid-twentiety century onwards, tourism ceased to be the pursuit of a wealthy minority and becamea more widely experienced and accepted form of leisure and recreation. To a large wxtent, this was due to break forms of transport and made long-distance travel accessible for an increasing number of people.This gave rise to a greater variety in the forms of travel and tourism available as travel companies sought to cater for as wide a range of tourist tastes and preferences as possible. By the late twentieth century, tourism had became a major global industry, with the new resorts, theme parks and other tourist attractions appearing in various locations around the world each year. Moreover, in the case of those countries most deeply affected by de-industrialisation, the importance of tourism has taken on an added significance. In addition to its economic importance, however, tourism also has a significant aesthetic value in the context of contemporary societies. As with the other firns if leisure and consumption considered, tourism offers its own particular possibilities for the aestheticisation of everyday life. Such is the diversity of tourist destinations and forms of tourism now available, that it has become a central component of “lifestyle”, linking with a range of other aesthetically informed values, notably body consciousness, diet, and personal interests in subjects such as language, art, dress, and so on.
For tourism , I wan to mention about tourism and lifestyle because i think that everyone when want to go somewhere, it depent on your lifestyle and your interest. The key to a broader understanding of tourism’s role in tourism and those which inform other aspects of daily life practice. This view is supported by Chaney who suggests that in the early twenty-first century tourism must be seen as an aspect of lifestyle, an activity bound up with other lifestyle choices and preferences. A similar view is expressed by Craik who suggests that in the context of late modernity, ‘tourism has somewhat converged with leisure and cultural consumption. Applying this interpretation to different forms of contemporary tourism, the relationship between tourist activities and broader lifestyle preferences can be clearly observed. Indeed, as Pritchard observes, the marketing strategies of the contemporary tourist industry are now firmly orientated towards particular target audiences. On the other hand, adventure holidays, such as white water rafting and canoeing, cater for those with a preference for more ‘hands on’, sporty and, ultimately risky activities. Moreover, such holidays demand by definition an element of pre-existing skill and experience in the chosen activity, thus connecting with everyday hobbies and interests, that is, general lifestyle orientation, of those who opt of this sort of tourism. Similarly, the increasing demand for ‘alternative’ tourist options bespeaks a reflexive awareness, and often accompanying cynicism, on the part of many individuals regarding the increasing commercialisation of tourism. Finally, in recent years, the growing popularity of dance music and club culture in a global level has given rise to a new form of youth travel termed ‘dance tourism’. It is a cheap travel options established to suit the young budget traveller, dance music fans organise their overseas trips with a view to visiting particular cities reputed for their dance clubss, or to attend dance music festivals.
For me, I like to travelled that similar to my hobbies or interest. My activities is like a independent because its time to take care myself and relax. I like to diving because If you are dive, you have to swim very slowly as possible.

Body & sex

It is about cosmetic surgery in nowadays. This is because a lot of people want to be a perfect one.
According from the reading : Cosmetics Surgery is Surgical procedures which aim to transform a person’s appearance. Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS) Surgical procedures performed for the purpose of main transforming the secondary sex characteristics of the human body. Bangkok is known as the “Mecca” of gender reassignment surgery (GRS). This is because the large population of local gender variant people, sometimes known as ladyboys or kathoey is matched by transgendered travellers from elsewhere who visit Thailand to obtain gender reassignment surgery.

One of the popular reasons for doing cosmetic surgery is Oriental physiognomy (Chinese face reading). It is a technique to interpret individuals’ destinies. This causes the popularity of cosmetic and aesthetic surgery in Thailand. For example, The nose in face reading represents wealth. A high straight bridge with a round 7b6b42b9 nose tip and full wings on either side bodes well for wealth. Nostrils that are not visible when looking straight on suggests that the person is better able to hold onto wealth, whereas open visible nostrils indicate a spender. The other popular cosmetic surgery is the eyelid surgery, surgeons argue that people do it in order to appear more “alert and bright-eyed”. They could look more awake and apply eye make-up easier when they have double eyelid.

Kathoey subcultures tend to place a greater value on the enhancement of facial or surface beauty than the removal of penis. It means they give more importance to the cosmetics surgery. This is probably because the GRS is extremely expensive, and most kathoey could only find a job like cabaret show or sex work, which would only need their surface beauty, so they can’t afford it. While the non-Thai ladyboys come to Thailand to get GRS done. These people would say they want to become the “traditional” Thai femininity, or the “Oriental” womanhood, which is practically in contrast to what Thai women want.
Thai idealization from of beauty : The ladyboys or the kathoey along with Thai women are presented as Westernised like Pale-skinned, high-bridged and narrow nose, big and double eyelids and slim shape. This leads to the dominant conception of beauty within Thai culture like Skin bleaching, double fold eyelid surgery, nose surgery, teeth whitening and etc.. It creates a sense of “modernity” among Thai women and ladyboys, which has multiple significations as being western, middle class, socially and geographically mobile and as involving consumption.

This whiteness in Thailand almost always refers to the Europeans or the Anglo people, which are those people with pale skin, blue or green eyes and Stereotypical blonde hair. It connotes to the term “farang”, literally means foreigners, but somehow refers specifically to ‘white’ foreigners. It came in when the Subculture of half-thai celebs were popular. Also, whiteness is inflected by notion of class and region. That is, the lighter your skin is, the higher status people would assume you are. This is because it is very sunny in Thailand and we Thai people are all designed to have a tan skin. But if one of us outstanded the others by having a white skin, then it connotes that either you are rich enough to afford the whitening products or you belong to the upper class, sitting in an air-condition room all the time to avoid the sunlight.11987384871444_1

NEWS update#2

I would like to continue about Health care.
2. What does it do to Medicare.
Medicare,introduced into law in 1965 and now covering 38 million,is one of the most popular social programs in U.S. history, which is why the health reform legislation, in its early stages, will not fundamentally change the way the program operates. Americans 65 and older will continue to receive comprehensive health insurance;doctors and hospitals will continue to be paid per procedure. But if there are to be far-reaching changes in the way medicare is practiced in this country, Medicare will have to purchasing health care services, Medicare has the buying power that Texas does in the textbook market. “Medicare has to go first” says Len Nichols, director of the Center for Health Policy Research and Ethnics at George Mason University. It’s the only buyer with enough to make the hospital pay attention.
Medicare is in a position to be a platform for the developing and implementing new approaches. It’s perhaps the thing in the health care legislation that holds the most hope for the future. It begins by phasing out the wasteful subsides that go to private insurers that contract with the federal government to provide Medicare type benefits to seniors. Some 10 million elderly Americans get coverage from these Medicare Advantage plans, which often require lower co-payments than tranditional Medicare and provide extra benefit like eye care, hearing aids and even gym memberships. However, come at an extra cost, and experts say the government pays about 14% more for each Medicare Advantage beneficiary than for a traditional Medicare patient. These overpayments will be gradually ended beginning in 2011, and seniors enrolled in Medicare Advantage will feel the pinch as insurers try to find a way to continue.
As the same time, the government will start spending more money, which provides prescription-drug coverage. The law will begin closing this gap immediately. Seniors on Medicare will also get free preventive services under the reform. The new law will set up an independent board to study clinical oytcomes and evidence and come up with ways Medicare can reduce spending without sacrificing quality or access. The reason that Congress didn’t nor do more is that right now we don’t have all the answers for what we need and what will work and how it will work.

3. Who treats 32 million Patients?
with 32 million Americans gaining health care coverage in the coming years and demanding services as a consequence the next challenge is addressing the supply side of the equation. Once these folks start putting their freshly minted insurance cards to use, who will actually perform the blood-pressure checks treat the cancers and monitor the diabetes? Family physicians, who are on the front lines of this surge in demand, are already in short supply. Bu 2020, when most of the currently uninsured will have been fully brought into the health care system, the American Academy of Family Physicians predicts a shortfall of 40,000 in the ranks of primary care providers to treat them.
One way to address that gap would be to make primary care medicine a more attractive field not just for physicians but also for nurse practitioners. The new law calls for appropriations over five years to fund further training programs, scholarships and loan repayments for those entering primary care. But even if new students take up those offers this year, they won’t be ready to treat patients for three to seven years. The law would also temporarily boost what primary care providers receive for treating patients insured by Medicaid, the plan that will pick up nearly half of the newly covered. In the long run, addressing the short-age of primary-care providers will take much more than money. The law is expected to ultimately spend $11 billion to create more health centers based in communities and schools as well as nurse managed clinics.
The funding will also support programs like the “Medicare home” a team based approach to delivering health care that breaks down the traditional hierarchy in which all health decisions are made by the physician. The medical home concept is already being tested in many markets for just this reason. But Making this shift on a national level, however, won’t be easy. As long as patients still view health care as an only when sick!! The key to achieving real reform within the constraints of that reality will rest on persuading new and existing patients to seek care to maintain their health rather than treat a disease after it has taken hold. If all goes accrding to plan, the bill’s greatest achievement may be to make it possible for more people to access the health system in many different ways. Health care will increasingly take the form of preventive services such as regular diabetes check ups and weight liss origrams instead of patients waiting tosee their doctors untill they nedd coronary bypass operations or kidney dialysis.

4. State by state
After 2014, the health care system will look far more uniform across the nation than it does now. But the new law leaves a lot of room for variation and experimentation by individual states. Goverment have been lukewarm to the Obama health care bill, in large part be cause it calls for adding 16 million people to the Medicaid rolls, which ar jointly administered by the states and the feds. The most important challenge for the states will be setting up health insurance exchanges marketplaces where small business and individuals will be able to shop around, choosing from a selection of insurance policies, much as federal government employees do now. “Right now there are a lot of people out there own or small businesses buying health insurance on their own. Their don’t work for a big company. They’re not part of a big pool. So they have no leverage. They’ve got no bargaining power with insurance companies,” Obama said in a speech shortly after he signed the bill. But to work right, each exchange will need to have enough enrollees and enough insurance-plan offerings to assure vigorous competition. That’s no small challenge, given the near monopoly power insurers have in many states.
Indeed, many of the battles that took place in Washington during the 14 months of debate on the legislation are likely to be reprised in state capiols across the country over the next few years. At latest count, conservative legislators in 39 states have introduced bill- or plan to- that would exempt their citizens from the new law’s requirement, effective in 2014, to have health insurance or else face a fine.

5. What come next
Administration officials say their most immediate concern will ve implementing the “early deliverables” the parts of the new law that go into effect almost right away. Among them are tax credits to help an wstimated 4 million small businesses provide coverage for their workers, assistance for people who have pre-existing conditions, a provision allowing young adults up to age 26 to stay on their parents’ policies and a $250 rebate for seniors whose initial Medicare drug benefits have run out.
There’s a lot of money that’s going to be spent in accomplishing these goals then they will be watching closely to see whether it is working as intended. As the forces of reform take hold, there is also the possibility that Congress will be tempted to meddle too much-interventing, for instance, to take care of hospitals in members’home districts or to insulate powerful and moneyed special interest groups like drugmakers. As Stern puts it,” The question is whether Congress can rstrain itself and let the market work,or whether they are going to be distorting the system day by day.”
So if there is a victory lap to be taken now, it had better be a short one. As Obama said shortly after sighing the bill, “For those of us who fought so hard for these reforms and believe in them so deeply, I have to remind you our job is not finished.” Indeed, it has only just begun.

In my opinion, I agree with Medical home because nowadays when people are sick, they wait for doctors and don’t treat yourself. I think Medical home is very great idea to treat people to take care yourself first before going to the hospital.

Everyday NEWS #1

This week, I will mention about News update about Health Care Reform come to America. Because my parants is a civil servant, therefore the Health care perks for Thai’s civil sevant is very of interest to me.

President Obama’s signature on sweeping health reform legislation on March 23 was an achievement for the history books. But this is success or failure of the whole endeavor is going to ride not on what it does for anyone’s political prospects or their place in history. However,President Barack Obama has made clear that he views this year as the best opportunity in decades to overhaul the nation’s ailing health-care system; more recently, he has stressed that he wants the children_health_care House and Senate to pass their respective bills before their monthlong August recess. The new law will be judged on whether it actually fulfills its promise of a better and fairer health care system or instead sends costs spiraling skyward and opens up a world of unintended medical consequences.Like David Axelrod said ” the most important thing is that we implement it effectively, efficiently and with great accountability. Nevertheless, you might think a piece of legislation that is more than 2,400 pages long would leave a little chance or the imagination. Here are fives big elements to watch :

1. What will it COST? money%20house The top goal of health-care reform for Democrats on either end of Pennsylvania Avenue has been to bring down the long-term health-care costs for the government, companies and individuals. It’s the overriding justification for attempting such an ambitious overhaul while the economy is in such dire straits and the federal budget deficit is skyrocketing. According to the Congressional Budget Office, its impact on family budgets is much more of a mystery. Unlike plans to expand coverage and end discrimination against the sick. there’s no proven strategy in the reform bill- or anywherelse, for that matter- guaranteed to fix the most daunting problem in U.S. health care : medical costs that are rising at twice the rate of inflation. Many economists say it will be impossible to bring health care spending under control unless everyone is covered because the uninsured tend to wait until they are very sick to seek treatment. Then they show up at the emergency room, where costs are astronomical. In the next 10 years, the new bill will spend about $350 billion on subsidies for $ 24 million low-and middle income Americans who buy insurance independently. These people, plus small business, will have access to a new coverage marketplace in which insurers will compete against one another to offer the most attractive package of benefits at the lowest price. The reform idea most likely ot stick-in the sense of acting to control costs is a taz in the country’smost expensive insurance benefits.
It’s going to be 10 years before you figure out which of these really work, and by that time, it will be too late.

I would be coutine with next 4 elements next time.


According to the subject reading about Music. I want to mentioned about LUKTHUNG. Lukthung refer to ” Thai country music”. It has been associated with the Thai village environment and includes the social, cultural, and economic disjunctures that the result when the rural confronts the urban, especially under conditions of migration to the city.
Lukthung literally means “child of the country” and it is one of the first genres of Thai music introduced in Thailand. It is seen as a representation of Thai national culture because of its association with rural values and attitudes of Thais. Nowadays lukthung tried to adopt the look of Thai pop music and made the song more modern and now need not have rural origins. In the Thai music scape, lukthung is perceived as more authentic than string, a genre of Thai pop/rock with Thai lyrics appealing particularly to urban, middle-class youths. While string is seen influenced by western. However Lukthung is seem to Thai traditional symbols, its roots in folk music, use simple language, and its portrayals of common and working-class folk. Lukthung’s dancers adopt a style from western music.
In the past, Lukthung music was always seen as “lower-class” music because most of their target audiences are the rural or working-class people. But nowadays, more and more entertainment companies are trying to promote Lukthung music to a new audience. They are now trying to incorporate more modern elements to Lukthung songs to appeal to more audiences. Symbols of modernity such as self-presentation, capitalism and commodification can be seen through the lyrics of contemporary Lukthung songs. Even though Lukthung adopts many Western ideologies, including western costumes, English loanwords, Western products, urban settings and Western musical styles to indicate modernity, its Thai qualities still remain. Lukthung music is still considered more “authentic” than any other genres of Thai music, possibly because it retains some of its original musical styles. According to Jirattikan, “Lukthung symbolizes the image of rusticity, signified through a discourse of attachment to rural places and homes and, at least partially, through nostalgic glances back from the alienation of cosmopolitanism”. The dichotomy of modernity, progress on the one hand, fear that old certainties are lost on the other, finds a clear expression in Lukthung.
Four main characteristics of Lukthung music:
1. The lyrics focus on economically or socially disadvantaged groups.
2. Uses simple and direct language in the lyrics that is easy to understand.
3. Most Lukthung singers come from the rural parts of Thailand.
4. The style of singing uses vocal , and is accompanied by Western musical instruments.
Nowadays, lukthung is more popular for the working-class. The singer try to made the song more modern. Some lukthung’s singer is farang like Kristy and Jonas. It represented that lukthung is a symbolic of Thai music and very famous for foreigners.

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